What is Autism?
Autism is a disorder that is usually observed on the child at an early age, affecting his development and various developmental aspects. His development is abnormal. It shows an imbalance in its social interaction. It is characterized by repetition of certain behavioral patterns and weak verbal and nonverbal communication with others.
Causes of Autism:
The cause may be unknown but there are factors that are divided into:
Genetic Causes of Autism:
Most researchers believe that some of the genes inherited by the child from their parents can make them more susceptible to autism. No specific genes associated with autism have been identified, but they may be symptomatic of some rare genetic syndromes, including X syndrome, Williams syndrome and Angelman syndrome.
Environmental Causes of Autism:
Some researchers believe that a person born with genetic weakness makes them autistic, exposed to a specific environmental cause as well as the genetic cause, including preterm birth before 35 weeks of pregnancy, or exposure in the uterus to alcohol or some medications, such as sodium valproate sometimes used For the treatment of epilepsy during pregnancy.
Morbidity Causes of Autism:
The following are some of the known diseases that are associated with autism:
- Muscular atrophy: A group of inherited genetic diseases that gradually cause muscle weakness
- Down syndrome: A genetic condition usually causes learning difficulties and a set of physical attributes
- Cerebral Palsy: Diseases that affect the brain and nervous system, causing problems with movement.
- Infant cramps: A type of epilepsy that develops while the baby is still very young usually before they are one year old.
Risk Factors for Autism:
Autism may appear in any child of any origin or nationality, but there are known risk factors that increase the risk of autism. These include:
- Child Sex: Research has shown that the risk of developing male children is three to four times higher than that of females
- Family history: Families with a child with autism have a greater likelihood of having another child with the disease. It is common knowledge that parents or relatives who have a child with autism suffer from certain disorders in certain developmental or developmental skills, or even from certain behaviors.
- Other disorders: Children with certain medical problems are more likely to be diagnosed with autism. These medical problems include: Fragile x syndrome, an inherited syndrome that leads to brain dysfunction, tuberous sclerosis, which leads to the formation and development of tumors in the brain, the Tourette syndrome And Epilepsy, which causes seizures.
- Parent's age: Researchers tend to believe that paternity at a later age may increase the risk of autism.
A very comprehensive study has shown that children born to men over the age of 40 are 6 times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than children born to parents under the age of 30. Research shows that maternal age has a marginal effect on the risk of autism.
Symptoms of Autism
Symptoms of autism can be observed even before the child reaches the age of three years. Some children develop properly until the age of one and a half - two years and then natural development stops or slows down and loses part of the acquired skills.
Symptoms and signs of autism:
- Frequent movements of swinging or rotating in the same place.
- Avoid eye contact or physical contact.
- Delay in language acquisition.
- Echolalia (chanting voices of others) - pronouns, repeating words or sentences.
- Feeling very sad because of minor changes.
Please note that these symptoms can also occur in children who do not have autism.
Early Warning Signs - One Year:
They are often non-social, so autism can often be detected through the way children communicate with the outside world.
In a generation, a child with autism shows the following signs:
- Does not respond to his mother's voice.
- He does not respond when his name is called.
- avoid eye contact.
- Does not smile and does not respond to social signals from the environment.
Treatment of Autism
Not available, no single treatment is available for all patients with the same amount. In fact, the range of treatments available to autistic patients which can be adopted at home or at school, is very varied and very astonishing.
The therapist can help find resources available in the housing area that can be helpful methods for working with an autistic child.
The treatment of autism includes:
- Behavioral Therapy and Speech-language pathology.
- Educational Treatment
- Drug therapy.
Because autism is a very difficult and intractable condition that does not have a cure, many parents resort to alternative medicine solutions.
Although some families reported positive results after treating autism with a special diet and other alternative treatments, researchers cannot confirm or deny the effectiveness of these various treatments on autistic patients.
Some very common alternative therapies include:
- Innovative treatments
- Food systems of their own.