Bipolar Disorder in women:
Bipolar disease or Bipolar disorder is not uncommon with women and men alike as it occur at an equal rate in both sexes. According to an international research and development, about 2.4% of humans had a diagnosis of bipolar disease at some point in the lifetime. However, bipolar disease in women slightly takes up a larger percentage of the total cases of disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes extreme changes in mood. Bipolar disease is characterized by extreme cycles of depression and mania to euphoria. Majorly seen as heightened and extreme mood changes, the disorder, can move a person from high energy state that can result in increased creativity, productivity, happiness as well as erratic or risky behaviors, to deep sadness. womens with bipolar disorder are at a much higher risk of substance abuse and suicide.
It is however important to understand the scope of the disorder so that you can recognize the symptoms, and identify those who at risk and plan appropriate treatment. Therefore, the effects, symptoms and major characteristics of bipolar disorder in women and medical treatment would be discussed.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder can be divided into 3 categories, which are bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder. Each type of bipolar disorder denotes the severity of the disease.
Bipolar I Disorder:
- this is the most severe of all types of bipolar disorder. It involves at less episodes and cycles of manic lasting for about a week of leading to hospitalization. This episode for manic may occur prior to any hypomanic or depressive episodes. Bipolar I disorder occur at equal rate in men and women.
Bipolar II disorder:
This is slightly deviate from bipolar I in that, cases of hypomania episodes must be present or must have occurred before this disorder. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by current or past major depression mood lasting for at least two weeks. This case of bipolar II disorder is more prevalent in women than men.
- cyclothymic disorder involves frequent recurrence of hypomanic and depressive mood symptom. Cyclothymic disorder is generally considered a less severe form of bipolar disorder. The symptoms may not be easily identified. It does not get too severe to be diagnosed as a bipolar disorder.
Characteristics of bipolar disorder
When any type of bipolar disorder sets in, it can be easily identified through it’s characteristics and symptoms. It is however important to take note and understand this rapid symptom of bipolar disorder and how it affect women. The major symptoms are:
Mania: Mania can be characterized by a state of elevated mood in which one feels highly spirited and energetic, leading to increase in Creative, activities, productivity, high risk behaviors and erratic displays. Mania could lead to high risk behaviors such as drug abuse or other inappropriate attitude. This situation may last for weeks and may lead to a bipolar I disorder.
- Hypomania: Hypomania is more prevalent in women than men. It is a less severe form of mania, although you feel elevated moods and high energy spirit as described in mania. However, these moods are less intense and have little or no ability to function properly. The cycles of hypomania may be related to extremely feeling of ecstasy or happiness and it last for a little time.
- Depression: Depression is one of the most common symptoms if bipolar disorder. Depression is a state of extremely low mood, sadness and loss of energy. It is characterized by persistent depressed mood and loss of interest in activities causing impairment in daily life function. Possible cause of depression may include biological, psychological and social factors of distress which cause an alteration of the brain. Depression may last for weeks and it is more likely women experience depression symptoms than men.
- Mixed mania: Mixed mania is a symptom of bipolar disorder that alternate between episode of mania and depressive moods. Mixed mania can be experienced in cycles, daily for week or longer. It is characterized by change in mood; from high energetic mood to depression. Women are more likely to experience mixed mania than men.
Rapid cycling of bipolar disorder symptoms.
Rapid cycling is a pattern of bipolar disorder that occurs with the occurrence of cycles if mania or depression episodes and bipolar disorder can be characterized by this quick episodes alterations. Rapid cycling may lead to increased rate if depression, suicide, anxiety etc.
Risk Factor of bipolar disorder.
There are major risk factors or situations that increase the occurrence of bipolar disorder. Example if these factors are:
- Drug abuse.
- Alcohol abuse
- Traumatic experience
Bipolar disorder in women are mainly caused by hormonal fluctuations caused by
- Premenstrual syndrome.
All these factors contributes to several classifications of bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis and treatment.
Diagnosing bipolar disorder may be difficult as it’s synonyms may occur less frequently or present itself as other medical conditions. Similarly, diagnosis this disorder in women can also be complicated by reproductive hormones.
Bipolar disorder can however be diagnosed with careful physical examination. It is therefore advised, you see a doctor or physician.
Other common Problem can be arise from bipolar disorder is, alcoholism, headache, eating disorder, typhoid etc.
Bipolar disorder cab be tackled by treating its obvious symptoms, although, there is no exact cure for the disease. Ways to treat bipolar disorder;
- Through medication- taking drugs such as mood stabilizers, antipsychotic, etc. to enhance mood.
- Psychotherapy or talk therapy- this can help stabilizes your mood.
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)- this can be used for extreme cases of bipolar disorder. It involves the use of electrical stimulation to induce seizure in the brain.
Other treatment of bipolar disorder is
- Adequate sleep.
- Support from family and friends.
- Talking with a doctor or therapist.
- Join a local or online support group.
- Self care- proper care is required when managing this disorder. Proper sleep, nutrition is important.
Bipolar Disorder can be controlled. You should not allow it get the better of you, rather talk to someone, a physician or therapist today about how you are feeling.