women with depression

What is Depression?, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What is Depression?

Depression is one of the most prevalent psychological problems around the world, affecting both males and females of all ages. It is defined as a disorder that affects the emotional and psychological balance as well as the physical balance of the person, his self-confidence and his way of seeing things around him.

Causes of Depression:

  1.  Genetic and biological factors:

    This occurs when the individual lives in an inherited family that has depression due to a lack of neurotransmitters at the center of the brain, which in turn is responsible for mood, emotions, thinking and behavior.
  2. Educational factors:

    This factor is one of the most serious factors of depression, because it indirectly transmits depression by watching the children of their parents; they move to certain methods and patterns such as pessimism and depression, and mistrust, and allergies.
  3. Conditions of life:

    Life cannot be carried out on a stable ship without the existence of life's despondency; such as dear death, marital and family problems, loss of employment, and deterioration of health, financial problems, non-marriage and unplanned retirement.
  4. Personal Disorders:

    One of the most vulnerable to depression, the owners of obsessive personality known as hardness and inflexibility, hysterical characters overcome by emotions and mood swings.
  5. Systemic Diseases:

    such as Parkinson's disease and the use of anti-stress and stomach ulcers and others...

Symptoms of Depression:

One of the following symptoms of depression may be:

  • Sleep Disorders:

    Depression can affect your body as much as it affects the mind and mental health, and sleep problems and disorders are common physical symptoms of depression, but this does not prevent your eyes being closed most of the time of fatigue.
  • Chest pain:

    the pain in your chest may be a sign of a lung, heart, or stomach problem. You should visit your doctor to check and diagnose these symptoms. Depression can increase the risk of heart disease. People who are at risk of heart attacks are depressed.
  • Fatigue:

    If you feel tired and persistent and unable to do the usual daily functions, it may be a sign of depression that makes symptoms worse.
  • Muscle and Joint Pain:

    If you experience persistent pain in the muscles and joints, it may be a cause for depression or, alternatively, depression can cause pain. Pain sends the chemical signals to the brain. Depressed people are prone to pain in the muscles and joints on a regular basis.
  •  Gastrointestinal Problems:

    The digestive system is strongly linked to the brain, so many of us feel stomach pain or nausea when we feel anxious or tense. Depression can cause stress and upset your intestines, causing indigestion, nausea, diarrhea or constipation.
  •  Headaches:

    A study showed that depressed people were 3 times more likely than normal people to develop migraines.
  •  Change in appetite and weight:

    the situation here varies between people who lose their desire to eat, others feel unable to stop eating, and thus either lose weight or increase undesirable, may also cause depression, bulimia or anorexia or binge eating.
  • Back pain:

    a regular feeling of back pain can lead to depression, and people who are depressed are 4 times more likely to have back pain or neck pain.
  • Turbulence and irritability:

    may go through that state of agitation, nervousness and anxiety due to sleep disorders, and men are more likely to pass through this condition than women.
  • Problems with marital relationship:

    Depression may cause loss of desire for intimacy. Some medications for depression may also affect the relationship, so talk to your doctor about these medications.
  • Lack of desire to exercise:

    also may cause depression in the loss of energy or desire to exercise despite the great benefits, they send chemical signals of the brain that makes you feel better and reduce your feelings of pain, and although the sport does not fully address depression, but on At least contribute to the alleviation of symptoms.

Treatment of Depression

  • Pharmacotherapy;
  • Psychotherapy;
  • Electroconvulsive treatment - Electroshock treatment (ECT).

There are also ways to treat depression did not meet research and experimentation such as the accepted methods mentioned above, including:

  • Brain stimulation;
  • Complementary and alternative therapies;
  • There are certain cases in which the family doctor can treat depression himself.

In other cases, however, there is a need for a qualified psychiatrist to treat depression, a psychiatrist, a psychologist or a social worker.

It is very important that the patient has an active role in the treatment of depression. By cooperating and working together, the doctor (or the therapist) can decide, together with the patient, which type of depression treatment is best and best suited to the patient's condition, taking into account the severity of the symptoms, the patient's personal choice, the ability to pay for the treatment of depression.

However, there are cases where depression is so difficult that a doctor, someone close or other, must follow up on the treatment of depression and closely monitor it until the patient regains his health and reaches a situation where he can participate effectively in the decision-making process.