Rare Types of Mental Illnesses:
Some mental illnesses are rare, but the severity of such conditions is extreme, making them infamous in the medical world. There are also psychotic disorders that don’t just affect a person’s behavior, but also the brain and its cognitive thinking. This type of mental illness interferes with “reality” in the eyes of the person, making him or her unable to live normally in any way. For example, schizophrenia is a condition in which a person has more than one personality and an inability to tell reality apart from fantasy. Another known but rare condition is the infamous Manic Bipolar Disorder. People with schizophrenia develop delusional beliefs that start out as simple fantasies that later take over their lives almost completely. Sometimes, these delusions are involuntary. In addition, schizophrenics have a complicated set of behaviors and ways of thinking. Not only are schizophrenics paranoid, they may also be depressive and anxious, but in such extreme levels that they can neither think clearly, nor face choices or changes.
What is Schizophrenia?
The main characteristics of schizophrenia are disorganized thinking, severe paranoia and/ or anxiety, and a disconnection from reality. People with this condition experience hallucinations: hearing voices or seeing apparitions that are not really there. When told that these experiences are unreal, a schizophrenic might deny the truth to the extent of becoming aggressive. Schizophrenic individuals also experience phantom pains. The unreal experiences affect their way of thinking, disrupting it and leading them to disbelieve others, even loved ones. Confusion is inevitable in this condition, and cognitive thinking is greatly affected. This kind of mental illness not only affects the afflicted person, but also the people around him or her. They are not mentally capable of doing certain jobs. It is unsafe for them to be left alone, and it is also unsafe for them to be in crowded places. People who are diagnosed with schizophrenia are considered self-destructive, and they may also pose a possible threat to others. The schizophrenic individual is not just emotionally unstable, but has no strength to control their illness, making them unpredictable and sometimes prone to inhumane actions.
Types of Schizophrenics
1- Disorganized Type:
this type of schizophrenia is characterized by general disorganization. People with this type of disorder suddenly talk gibberish or recite songs, poems, or scripts, and they do so for no apparent reason. They might even invent a language of their own or simply speak out meaningless words. Some will suddenly laugh, sob, or giggle by themselves, obviously caught up and lost in their own thoughts.
2- Paranoid Type:
paranoid type schizophrenics have extreme anxiety and fear. Their paranoia revolves around the suspicion that someone, a surreal being or secret organization, is out to capture or hurt them. A paranoid schizophrenic may also feel that others are harassing him or are scheming to overthrow, murder, or harm him in some way. People who are paranoid schizophrenic have a tendency to argue excessively with others, act aloof, and display fits of anger or rage. They have the unusual belief that there is either a known or unknown enemy nearby.
3- Undifferentiated Type:
this type has some of the characteristics of the other types of schizophrenia. The individual may have paranoid symptoms as well as disorganization. What makes this type of schizophrenic separate is that the symptoms are not equally evident and are only transitional, if not temporary, and no symptoms are intense enough to categorize the person under a single type.
4- Residual Type:
this simply means “leftovers” of a previous or past history of schizophrenia in a person. There are some symptoms of the condition left that may indicate a major outburst followed by complete remission, or simply no more occurrences for the rest of the individual’s life.
Manic Bipolar Disorder
This disorder is infamous for its extremely noticeable characteristics. Like schizophrenics, manic-bipolar individuals have a false sense of reality and tend to live in their own thoughts of fantasy. People with this condition believe they are an entirely different person; for example, the Queen of Sheba, an ex-convict hiding from government forces, or an alien envoy from another galaxy. Their perception of reality is so altered that they have no sense of time, place, or what is happening to them. Manic bipolar individuals will suddenly act a certain way without warning, possibly hurting others. Some individuals with bipolar disorder simply stop moving or speaking for hours.
Infamous cases involve individuals talking nonsensical things, putting make-up on, and dressing in unusual ways. Some of the most serious cases involve the individual stopping in the middle of his or her activities, including walking. The person maintains this “pose” for hours without disturbance. Others may try to provoke the individual to move or speak, but to no avail. The danger in this is that the return of motion is unpredictable; it may take days before the manic bipolar resumes his activities, and sometimes when he does, he is aggressive.
Schizophrenia and manic bipolar disorder are chronic mental illnesses that require multiple medications alongside psychotherapy and moral support. Some cases take years to treat, and most individuals with these disorders experience recurring symptoms with remissions before finally achieving more stable mental health. Remissions are lingering episodes or periods of time when the afflicted individual experiences a mentally healthy state. The symptoms of their illness are absent for a time being, but the cycle ends at some point, and the onset of the symptoms returns. Not all mental illnesses have remissions; some are consistent, while other symptoms grow less in severity but are still present.