What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is an unpleasant emotional experience by an individual when he or she is afraid or threatened by something he cannot accurately define. Anxiety is also known as a state of tension that is constantly present as a result of an individual's sense of danger. Imagination does not actually exist.
Causes of Anxiety:
As with most mental disorders, it is not entirely clear what is the cause of anxiety disorder.
The researchers believe that natural chemicals in the brain, called neurotransmitter, such as serotonin and norepinephrine / noradrenaline, affect these disorders.
On the whole, it can be assumed that this problem has a variety of causes, including:
- Panic disorder.
- Disturbing anxiety disorder.
- The disorder of phobia.
- Tension disorder.
- Some diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
The proportion of women diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder is higher than that of men with the disorder.
Risk Factors For Anxiety:
There are factors that can increase the risk of generalized anxiety disorder, including:
Cruel childhood:Children, who have experienced difficulties or distress in their childhood, including being witnesses to traumatic events, are more likely to have this disorder
Illness:People who have had serious illnesses, such as cancer, may have an episode of anxiety. Fear of the future and what it carries, remedies and the economic situation -all, can be a heavy psychological burden.
Psychological stress:The accumulation of psychological stress, as a result of stressful situations in life may generate a sense of acute anxiety. For example, a disease that calls for absenteeism resulting in loss of wages and income would cause psychological tension, and thus generalized anxiety disorder.
Personality:People with certain personality traits may be more likely to develop generalized anxiety disorder. People with psychosocial needs, such as having an unsatisfactory relationship, may feel insecure, making them more susceptible to generalized anxiety disorder. Moreover, some personality disorders, such as BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder), can come classified under the generalized anxiety disorder.
Genetic factors:Some studies suggest that there is a genetic basis for generalized anxiety disorder that makes it genetically transmitted from generation to generation.
Symptoms of Anxiety:
Symptoms of anxiety vary from case to case, both in terms of quality and severity of the symptoms.
Symptoms of anxiety include:
- Nervousness or tension.
- Feeling of a lump in the throat.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Arrest and impatience.
- Sensation of muscle tension.
- Insomnia (difficulty sleeping and / or sleeping problems).
- Shortness of breath.
- Abdominal pain.
An anxiety attack does not "kill" the person who gets it, completely, but it leaves a sense of anxiety, to a certain degree.
The patient may feel anxious that he is in a state of constant tension, in all areas of his life.
He may have symptoms of anxiety in the following way, he may feel very concerned about his personal security and the safety of his loved ones, or he may have a feeling that something bad will happen, even if there is no significant risk.
An anxiety disorder usually begins at a relatively young age, as symptoms of the generalized anxiety disorder develop more slowly than in other anxiety disorders.
Most people with generalized anxiety disorder cannot remember the last time they felt better, calm and serene.
Treatment of anxiety
Treatment is done by medication or by psychotherapy, either by using each method individually or by using it together, depending on the individual's situation and personality.
Drug therapy:By taking anti-anxiety drugs and sedatives that relieve anxiety, but these drugs may cause addiction if eaten for a long time; there are also antidepressants, these drugs are the role of the effect in the work of the neurotransmitters that Have an important role to play in the development of anxiety disorders and stress, and should not be taken drugs only after a specialist doctor and follow-up.
Psychotherapy:It is through specialists in the field of mental health, by identifying psychological sessions using cognitive behavioral therapy methods and other psychological treatment methods.
Behavioral Therapy:This treatment is based on the fact that the person acquires his behaviors and learns them in a conditional manner based on punishment or reward. Therefore, behavioral therapy aims at re-teaching the patient the proper responses with the situations he is exposed to.
The method of removing allergies in a systematic manner: makes the patient face the patient and concerns gradually, first by imagining the disturbing situations and that the patient faces in his imagination, and then exposed to the concerns and tension directly to overcome the anxiety completely, and this method is effective, but takes time and must be exercised and supervised by Competent.
The therapist analyzes the patient's condition by listening to him, clarifying the problem and understanding it, and what the pressure leads to, and then puts with the patient solutions, chooses whichever one is best suited to the patient, is effective for him, and saves him from anxiety completely.