What is Cholesterol?

What is Cholesterol?, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a compound found in every cell of the body that is used to build new and healthy cells and to produce hormones necessary for it.

If the level of cholesterol in the blood is high, this means that fatty deposits will be formed within the walls of blood vessels, and these deposits will block blood flow in the arteries.

Prevention of high cholesterol

Change in lifestyle is necessary to achieve improvement in cholesterol levels in the blood. In order to lower your cholesterol levels, you should:


Exercise regularly every day, because regular exercise and physical activity burn fat and lower cholesterol levels in your body. With a sedentary lifestyle, the chances for high cholesterol go up.

Quitting smoking:

Avoiding all tobacco products will reduce your risk of high cholesterol.

Reduce Weight:

Get rid of extra pounds, because excess body weight increases the risk of high cholesterol.

Eat healthy food:

The food you eat has a direct effect on your cholesterol level. In fact, scientists say foods rich in dietary fiber and other foods known to lower cholesterol levels have almost the same effect as statins in lowering cholesterol levels. Then you have to choose a variety of healthy foods because when you consume too many fatty foods, the excess fat from these foods are converted into cholesterol and it remains in the body.

Reduce the amount of cholesterol-rich food:

The goal is not to exceed 300 mg of cholesterol per day, or less than 200 milligrams a day if you have heart disease.

Choose whole-wheat foods:

There are many ingredients in whole wheat that help keep your heart healthy.

Vegetables and Fruits:

Be sure to consume different types of vegetables and fruits.

Eat healthy fish:

Many fish, such as cod, tuna, and flatfish, have low levels of fat and low amounts of saturated fats and cholesterol, compared to meat and chicken.

Causes of High Cholesterol

There are several habits or causes causing high cholesterol, which are:

  1. Genetic factors: happen through the inheritance of high cholesterol,
    through a member of your family, and generate it.
  2. Weight gain: causing fat deposition on the arteries, this reduces blood flow and leads to heart disease.
  3. Eat foods that increase the amount of harmful cholesterol.
  4. Lack of exercise that can affects your body.
  5. Smoking: because smoking causes you to increase your cholesterol.
  6. Diabetes: People with diabetes and high blood pressure, have high cholesterol.

High Cholesterol Risks:

People may develop the following diseases due to high cholesterol and fat deposition:

  • Heart attack.
  • Arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease.
  • Stroke, fat deposits on the blood reduces the chances of blood flow, increases the incidence of strokes.

Treatment of high cholesterol:

The foods that contain a small amount of cholesterol can reduce the amount of harmful cholesterol founded in the body, these foods like:

  • Spinal fig oil:

    Spinal fig oil or cactus oil is used in the treatment of high cholesterol because it contains a high amount of antioxidants; it works to feed the body because it contains unsaturated fatty acids that reduce the proportion of cholesterol. Spinal fig oil contains important vitamins to treat cardiovascular disease. Also, the spinal fig reduces weight gain because it works to fill the appetite and gives a sense of fullness.

  • Apple:

    Apple's fruit is important because it does not contain cholesterol, and the apple contains a high proportion of pectin that fights high cholesterol, pectin is found in many low cholesterol fruits and vegetables. Apple contains vitamins such as vitamins A, B, and C, which helps the body absorb nutrients and reduce cholesterol.

  • Fish Oil (Omega-3):

    Fish oil, found in many foods, contains a high amount of unsaturated fatty acids that reduce the deposition of cholesterol on the arteries. Fish oil is found in egg yolk and in seafood and eating a low daily intake reduces cholesterol. Fish oil reduces the incidence of blood clots because it maintains the balance of platelets or plasma within the body.

  • Celery:

    Celery helps to reduce body fat because it is a vegetable that helps to burn fat quickly. One benefit of celery is that it lowers cholesterol levels because it maintains a blood pressure balance.

  • Yellow corn:

    Yellow corn reduces cholesterol by extracting oil, which helps reduce cholesterol.

  • Artichoke:

    Artichoke is beneficial for heart health and reduces the high cholesterol level on the arteries, thus reducing the incidence of heart and thoracic disease.

  • Whole grains:

    Whole grains contain high levels of beneficial carbohydrates that reduce the level of harmful cholesterol. They contain vitamin B, which helps to reduce the body's fat. Insoluble fiber helps reduce the harmful cholesterol in the body and helps to burn fat accumulated on the arteries. Whole grains are important to eat oatmeal, bran bread, brown rice.

  •  Cinnamon:

    Cinnamon has many benefits because it contains triglycerides that treat high cholesterol, eating a tablespoon of cinnamon reduces the proportion of harmful cholesterol in the blood.

  • Garlic:

    Eating garlic cloves on an empty stomach protects you from high cholesterol, because it contains amino acids that limit the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood, and reduces the clots of blood.

  •  Nuts:

    The nuts contain omega-3, which reduces cholesterol. Take a quarter cup of unsalted nuts as a snack between meals to treat high cholesterol.

  • Natural oils:

    Natural oils such as olive oil, sunflower oil, and linseed oil help reduce the amount of harmful cholesterol in the blood.