hypertension and high blood pressure

What is Hypertension? symptoms, causes and treatment

What is hypertension?

Hypertension is a common condition where the long-term effect against the arterial wall is high enough to eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.

Blood pressure is determined by the amount of your blood which your heart pumps and the resistance to its flow in your arteries. When the heart pumps a large amount of blood and the arteries are narrow, the blood pressure is high.

You may have high blood pressure (hypertension) for years without any symptoms so it is called silent killer. Even without symptoms, damage to the blood vessels and the heart continues and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.

Hypertension generally develops over the years, affecting almost all people in the end. Fortunately, high blood pressure can easily be detected. Once you know that you have high blood pressure, you can cooperate with your doctor to control it.

Symptoms of Hypertension

As we have mentioned, the disease is called silent killer, that is, the patient comes to the doctor without any previous symptoms, but suffers from complications of the disease, so the patient may come with heart failure, where there is bulge in the legs and body and a sense of heartbeat,The patient suffers from renal failure, as he suffers from difficulty urinating, urinary incontinence, as well as swelling in the body, as well as symptoms of increased urea in the blood, such as dizziness, general weakness in the body, loss of appetite, etc.

Of other systems that are affected by hypertension, where the patient begins to suffer from a decline in vision, and there are some cases where we suspect secondary blood pressure. The patient may have multiple episodes of sweating, dizziness, headache, and a feeling of palpitations.

Sometimes acute hypertension is accompanied by some of the following symptoms:

  • severe headache,
  • Dizziness,
  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • General fatigue,
  • confusion or confusion,
  • Vision problems,
  • Chest pain,
  • Pulsation and trembling in the heart,
  • breathing difficulties,
  • Blood in the urine,
  • Feeling of pulse in the ear or neck.

In the case of neglect of the patient taking the treatment comes the patient with a condition called high blood pressure malignant, which occurs when the blood pressure reached higher than 220/120 (normal blood pressure is 120/80) This condition is characterized by many symptoms where it is possible to feel the patient severe heart palpitations and loss of consciousness and convulsions and difficulty in vision and Some cases of temporary and sudden loss of vision may suffer from sudden renal failure.

Causes of Hypertension:

The causes of hypertension are divided into two main parts:

Anonymous: representing more than 90% of patients. Known cause, where it represents the rest, examples are the following:

  • Kidney problems.
  • Adrenal gland tumors.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Some defects in congenital blood vessels.
  • Some medications, such as birth control pills, colds, congestion removers, excessive painkillers and certain drugs.
  • Illicit drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines.
  • Chronic alcohol abuse.

Nutritional Tips To Avoid Hypertension

There is a range of healthy lifestyle tips that will reduce your risk of hypertension, like:

  • Eating healthy food,
  • Decrease the intake of salt, sugar and fat in the daily foods, because foods saturated with salt, fat and sugar cause high blood pressure and other heart diseases, so keeping away from them contributes to reducing the incidence of this disease and doubling the condition of those infected. 
  • Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables,
  • Increase physical activity through exercise and physical fitness, which is an important means where physical inactivity is a direct cause of obesity directly leading to the incidence of high blood pressure.
  • Stop bad daily habits: Smoking is a key to high blood pressure and increases the risk of complications, where smoking works on high pressure and destruction of blood vessels in the long term. In addition, smoking increases the risk of high blood pressure disease and makes the patient vulnerable to heart attacks and strokes.

Periodic Blood Pressure Measurement:

High blood pressure is called a hidden killer because there are no obvious symptoms of infection. Periodic measurement of blood pressure is one of the preventive means to prevent and control it, through which a person can tell if he has hypertension or not. How important is the distinction? If this increase is temporary due to unsatisfactory or chronic causes due to pathological reasons, it is important to record these measurements and follow them.

Blood Pressure Medication:

Treatments for high blood pressure disease should be taken with complete care as they should be taken at their appointed time and quantity. Any manipulation of doses or forgetting the time of treatment leads to side effects that increase the patient's suffering, so the commitment to take medication is very important.