What is Panic Attacks?
Panic attacks are very frightening episodes. It seems to come from the point of view and in a poetic way and make people feel helpless and lose control as if they were about to die or get crazy. Many go through this problem but many also learn how to deal with it and then successfully overcome it.
Panic attacks are an overreaction of the body's normal action in fear, stress or arousal. In the face of situations that the body may see as threatening the body, the body automatically prepares itself to respond to this danger by producing amounts of adrenaline.
When your adrenaline is immersed in your body, it may lead to a feeling of physical or psychological feelings that may affect you during a panic attack. Like;
- Muscle tension.
- The heart beat increases.
- The breathing speed increases to get more oxygen.
- Feeling very scared.
- Difficulty breathing or breathing very quickly.
- Chest tightness and pain.
- The high altitude of the heartbeat.
- Feeling of fainting or getting dizzy.
- Feeling or numbness of hands and feet.
- Feeling cold with sweat.
- Feeling nauseous.
- The desire to urinate.
Most episodes of attack last for periods ranging from 5 to 20 minutes. Some people reported having an hour-long panic attack, but they may have had a panic attack one after one or had experienced a high level of anxiety after the first bout.
And may happen to have a bout of panic or two attacks and then do not have any other attacks at all, You may also have panic attacks once a month or several times a week. One of the most common features of panic attacks is unpredictability and difficulty controlling them.
During a panic attack you may feel unconscious or close to death or madness. But the most important thing to remember is that no matter how intense your fear during the bout, it will not happen.
The high level of adrenaline is not in itself the bad thing; it may give you the energy to work with difficult situations and challenges. The damage occurs only when the levels of adrenaline do not decrease normally and as a result stress periods increase and stress becomes habitual. You may find yourself becoming more nervous, less impatient, angrier, and you may feel nervous and anxious about having another seizure.
Causes of Panic Attacks:
The causes of panic attacks or panic disorder are not yet known, but the following factors may have a role:
- Genetic factors.
- Extreme psychological stress.
- Mood is more sensitive to stress or prone to negative emotions.
- Specific changes in the way some parts of the brain perform their functions.
Panic attacks may start suddenly and without warning, but over time, they are usually caused by certain situations.
In this regard, some research suggests that the body's natural response to resistance or escape when faced with hazards contributes to panic attacks. For example, if a person is being stalked, the body will react instinctively to the situation. The heart rate and breathing will accelerate as the body prepares itself to face a life-threatening situation. Many similar reactions occur when a panic attack occurs. However, the causes of panic attacks have not yet been reached despite the absence of a clear and present danger.
Factors Risk of Panic Attacks:
Symptoms of panic disorder often begin in late teens or early adulthood and affect women more often than men.
Factors that can increase the risk of panic attacks or panic disorder include:
- Family history of panic attacks or panic disorder.
- Large life pressures, such as the death of a loved one or serious illness.
- An event that causes trauma, such as sexual assault or serious accident.
- Major changes in your life, such as divorce or the birth of another child.
- Smoking or excessive coffee.
- History of physical or sexual abuse in childhood.
Symptoms of Panic Attack
Panic episodes often occur suddenly, without introductions. You may be injured at any time - while driving, in the mall, during a deep sleep, or in the middle of a work interview. Panic attacks may occur in certain circumstances or are always repeated.
The panic attacks differ from each other, but all of them peak in a few minutes. You can feel tired or exhausted after the panic attack.
Panic episodes often include some of the following symptoms:
- Sense of danger and threat
- Fear of death or loss of control
- Accelerating heart beat and increasing its strength.
- Trembling or shaking.
- Difficulty breathing or feeling suffocated.
- Hot flashes.
- Abdominal cramps.
- Chest pain.
- Dizziness or loss of consciousness.
- Feeling numb.
- Loss of relevance to reality.
Treatment of Panic Attacks:
The treatment of panic attacks by a number of ways that are effective in this area, and those methods:
Behavioral therapy for panic attacks:
This way the psychological patient will identify the reasons that led to this behavior, which is surrounded by panic and panic and what the motives for this behavior, which leads to the treatment by addressing the causes and motives.
Treatment through psychological exercises:
this type of treatment is through the control of the patient to panic attacks during the occurrence of such attacks, through some psychological exercises, such as restraint and control of inhalation and exhale slowly, and hold the breath for seconds and other such quality of important exercises.
this treatment is by using drugs and antibiotics that work to control that condition of recurrent panic attacks, in addition to antidepressants, psychotropic drugs and so on.