Colon Cancer in Women:
Actually, most of the human beings living on earth don't even have a slight bit of proficient understanding regarding cancer and its symptoms. Most of the time, cases linked to cancer are reported at the very end stage, at which the chances of survival against it also become very thin. Specifically, if we were to talk about colon cancer, half of the population living on earth is not even familiar with the mentioned term. So, to fulfill the purpose, we will be jotting down the major symptoms, diagnosis, risk factors, and its respective treatment in this piece of article in order to proliferate cognizance among individuals regarding colon cancer.
According to a statistical survey conducted by the American Cancer Society (ACS), colon cancer is basically the third most pronounced cancer in both genders. It occurs due to the growth of tumors in the venal of the large intestine. Colon cancer is often associated with rectal cancer to manifest a coalesced form known as Colorectal Cancer. Generally, people get confused between the term’s colon and rectum cancer. The only difference that separates the cancers is the growth of cancer polyps (the growth of tumors is basically referred to as polyps) in either of the organs. For a better understanding, colon cancers occur in a large intestinal portion of the body, whereas rectal cancers prevail in the rectum, which is actually proceeded by the opening of the anus.
Colon cancer basically appears to be the second most death-causing cancer in both males and females combined though certain protective measures could be taken in regard to preventing a fatality. In this column, we will be discussing the synopsis related to colon cancer and its relative influence on women around the globe.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer in Women:
Although the occurrence of colon cancer in women is not highly vulnerable, but still women need to be apprised of its relevant symptoms and aftermaths. According to the statistics reported presented on by ACS, everyone woman out of 24 in the United States of America is prone to manifest cancer polyps in the inner wall of the colon, thus causing colon cancer. Polyps are often benevolent, but over time, due to the formation of cancerous polyps, they tend to progress and expand into the lining of the colon or large intestine.
Usually, when colon cancers appear to be in its initial stage, no profound symptoms ought to be noticed. But over the course, cancer appears to stimulate the very obvious symptoms in women, as seen in men. To effectuate you with better perception, the symptoms related to colon cancer are listed below:
- Abdominal cramps or agony
- Blood traces in stool also regarded as rectal bleeding
- Enigmatic weight loss
- An obscure impression of your bowel not been completely desolated
- Diarrhea, constipation or other changes in metabolic pattern
- Weakness, fatigue, and loss of concentration occurring on various occasions.
Turmoil between the symptoms of colon cancer and menstrual cramps
Typically, females go through a tough period prior to the occurrence of their menstruation cycle. Abdominal cramps, pain, or agony is suffered by women before menses is actually unexplainable.
Loss of energy, the feeling of being tired all the time, is one of the few co-related symptoms found in both colon cancer and premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The excessive loss of blood during the period is also mistaken in this regard, which actually corresponds to the symptoms of anemia. In the same manner, abdominal cramps associated to colon cancer are often misled as menstrual cramps, which is the primary cause amongst all the mentioned factors. Just because of this very same feature, females often fail to record or realize the pattern/symptoms relating to colon cancer. So, women should remain vigilant against these visible patterns as mentioned above and if by chance upon exhibiting a prolonged abdominal pain, they should immediately report to their respective doctor and discuss the matter in detail. Apart from this, regular screening should be carried out of your abdomens and other relative organs.
Risk factors-tendencies in women:
The risk factors and tendencies associated with colon cancer are factually found to be the same in women as in men. Some of the risk associated with cancer is stated below:
Colon cancer or polyps’ occurrences as per family history:
If any of your parent, sibling, or immediate family member/relative is battling colon cancer, then it is highly probable that you would be developing cancer too.
Although youngsters are also viable to develop colon cancer, but usually, the risks associated with colon cancer finding its root is more apparent once people cross the age of 50 or so.
Polyps and relative history:
If you ever have had a mere history of coming in terms with benign polyps, then it is actually very highly possible that these polyps may turn hostile once again and make you recur colon cancer
Colon cancer also tends to find its root if we don't maintain a healthy lifestyle. Smoking regularly, consuming excessive alcohol, or being obese is some of the factors that make you prone to develop cancer polyps. It is suggested that for women, one alcoholic beverage per day is a suitable intake, and it should no longer be exceeded.
If you ever got to receive radiation therapy in order to cure any of the previous occurring cancers, also including cervical cancer, then it is highly explicit for you to develop rectal or colon cancer.
Ultimately when a woman crosses the stage of menopause, the risks of being prone to developing cancers highly numbers. It is, in fact, also possible to develop a type of colon cancer, which is known as lynch syndrome or HPCC (hereditary polyposis colon cancer) if you are a carrier of MMR gene transmutation or if you had a history of developing endometrium cancer.
Diagnosis of Colon Cancer:
To begin with the diagnosis, patients are often made to undergo a colonoscopy. It is a standard screening procedure that both men and women need to go through once they cross the age of 50. Specifically, if women have a higher tendency to develop colon cancer, it is suggested for them to undergo colonoscopy once they hit the age of 45.
Now to provide efficient knowledge regarding colonoscopy, it is a procedure of inserting a flexible and elongated tube known as colonoscope into the anus, which is extended right up to the colon.
The end of the tube carries a tiny camera that is ported with the screen or monitor, through which doctors can get a look of any existent or developing cancer polyps. Bypassing necessary tools through the colonoscope, any discovered polyps can be removed efficiently.
After the discovery and removal of polyps, they are passed on to the lab for analyzing the presence of cancerous cells. This analyzation phase is also termed as a biopsy.
If the result turns out to indicate presence of cancer, certain additional screening or tests may be carried out for better treatment provision such as: ultrasounds, gene tests to identify the actual type of cancer or a computed tomography (CT) scan of the tissue to observe whether cancer has spread near the colon or not.
Treatment of Colon Cancer:
Patients battling colon cancer are advised by the doctors to undergo three treatments:
If colon cancer is discovered to be in its initial stages, then it could simply be treated by undergoing surgery to remove the cancerous polyps. If required, the doctor may even remove tissues or parts near the colon only when cancer progresses.
Sometimes chemotherapy is instituted before undergoing surgery in order to shrink down the tumors. Or if cancer has clocked down the lymph nodes, chemotherapy is recommended to kill the cancerous cells, which are often conducted through IV.
In this respective therapy, a highly energetic beam of X-Rays is aimed at cancerous cells/tumors in order to shrink them down or to destroy it completely. Occasionally, radiation therapy and chemotherapy go hand in hand, depending on the tendency of the patient carrying colon cancer.
The chances of surviving are usually the same for women as for men. Survival rate actually also depends upon other factors such as your age, health, and the degree to which cancer has extended. Generally, if cancer has not spread beyond the rectum or colon, then it is likely to sustain a 90% five year- survival rate. Whereas if the tumor has reached down the lymph nodes, the very five-year survival rate drops down to 71%. When reviewing statistical reports regarding survival rate, it is important to consider that the treatment for the cancer is advancing on constant terms. So, it is highly liable that whatever treatments the doctors will be provided in the coming years might be totally advanced to the existing practices or treatments.