Accidents and unforeseen events can occur at any time, often leaving individuals in need of immediate medical attention. Understanding the basics of first aid and injury management is crucial in such situations, as it can make the difference between a full recovery and potentially life-altering consequences. This guide aims to provide essential information on treating injuries, specifically focusing on bruises, bleeding, bone fractures, and head trauma.
Bruising, Bleeding, Bone Fractures and Head Trauma Treatment
1) Bruising and Bleeding :
Our body is like a network of nerves that carry blood. These veins are of three types – arteries, veins and fine capillaries. The function of arterioles is to supply pure blood throughout the body and the function of vein is to collect impure blood from the body and send it back to the heart for purification. Capillaries are fine thread-like. They are associated with vein and artery and spread to the skin. When an injury occurs, arterial blood flows out of the body by bouncing. Its color is bright red. Venous blood is dark in color and comes out evenly. The blood of the capillaries comes out slowly in the form of tiny droplets.
Uncontrolled bruising and bleeding can be a life-threatening situation that requires prompt intervention. Knowing how to stop bleeding effectively is a fundamental skill for anyone, regardless of their level of medical expertise. This section will cover techniques such as direct pressure, elevation, and the application of tourniquets, as well as guidelines for assessing the severity of a bruising and bleeding wound.
Treatment of Bruises and Bleeding
1) In case of accidental injury (Chhot lagne par kya kare) if blood is coming out of the artery, then the injured limb should be kept elevated. If there is blood flow from the vein, then keep that organ down. This will stop bleeding quickly.
2) Wash the wound with cold water and place ice on it and tie a bandage of cloth soaked in cold water. This will stop bleeding quickly.
3) A small amount of blood will come out even if pressure is applied from above near the injury. Try to stop the bleeding by pressing on the wound until the bandage is tied.
4) If there is bleeding from normal capillaries, then press it with the finger for some time and clean it with Dettol or bactericidal solution and tie a light bandage by placing alum on it. Bleeding stops by sprinkling alum on a common injury and tying a bandage.
5) If there is bleeding from the nose, then make the patient sit in a clean ventilated place. Hang the head backwards. Turn your hands upwards. Loosen the clothing around the neck and chest area. Keep ice cold water on the nose and neck. Inhale with the mouth open and place the feet in warm water. This will stop the nasal bleeding soon.
2) Fracture :
Often, due to excessive injury in accidents, with excessive bleeding, sometimes bones are also broken. In the case of a broken bone, efforts should be made to take the injured to the hospital as soon as possible without tampering. Moving can cause more damage. Sometimes a broken bone comes out by tearing the flesh. Extreme caution is required in such a situation. The hallmark of a fracture is that there is pain in the fractured area, the limb becomes uncontrollable, may be crooked, long or short. Swelling occurs due to internal bleeding and contraction of muscles. In case of broken bone, X-ray has to be done after assessing the correct condition and plaster etc. has to be done.
Bone fractures can range from minor hairline cracks to severe breaks that puncture the skin. Recognizing the signs of a fracture and providing appropriate support until professional medical help arrives can significantly impact the outcome of the injury. This section will detail the various types of fractures, how to immobilize the affected area, and when it is safe to attempt to relocate a dislocated joint.
Bone Fracture Treatment
In case of fracture, first aid should be done as follows
1) If the bone of the thigh, leg or hand is broken, put a scale or a wooden splint on the broken limb without moving it and tie it on both sides and arrange to be taken to the nearest hospital. If blood is coming out, then try to stop it.
2) If the end of the bone is broken and has come out, then in such a situation keep it without moving and call the doctor.
3) If the head bone is broken, then lie down with the head elevated, wipe the wound and tie a light bandage. Loosen the clothes on the chest and neck. Try to keep him calm and warm and comfort the patient.
4) If the spine or back bone is broken, then leave it lying down, call the doctor, otherwise more serious damage can be done.
3) Head Trauma (Head injury) :
Vinegar trauma is fatal. Often head injury occurs in accidents etc. or in fights. Due to the blows of the head, stick, stick, etc., unconsciousness comes. Injuries disrupt the function of the brain.
Head injuries require careful assessment and immediate attention due to the critical nature of the brain. Understanding the signs of a potential head injury, whether it be a concussion or a more severe trauma, is crucial for ensuring the best possible outcome for the affected individual. This section will cover topics such as initial assessment, stabilization of the head and neck, and guidelines for when to seek urgent medical attention.
Treatment of Head Trauma
1) The patient should be given complete rest.
2) In the state of unconsciousness, try to bring consciousness by splashing water on the face.
3) The wound should be washed and tied with a light bandage.
4) In a glass of hot milk, add one big spoon of ground turmeric and drink it. This will reduce the pain.
5) In a serious situation, make arrangements to reach the hospital as soon as possible. If a bone fracture is detected by X-ray, it is necessary to carry out the corresponding treatment. A special type of injection is given immediately to stop the internal bleeding and to prevent clotting of blood inside. Treatment is required as needed.
By familiarizing yourself with the principles and techniques outlined in this guide, you will be better prepared to respond effectively in emergency situations involving injuries, bleeding, bone fractures, and head trauma. However, it is important to note that while these guidelines are valuable, seeking professional medical help as soon as possible remains paramount in ensuring the well-being and recovery of the injured individual. Remember, every second counts, and your knowledge and swift action can make a significant difference in someone’s life.
How long does it take for a bruise to heal?
Bruises typically change color over time, with shades of red, purple, blue, and green. They usually fade within two to three weeks.
When should I seek medical attention for a bruise?
Seek medical attention if a bruise is unusually large, painful, or if it appears without any apparent cause. Also, if it occurs along with other concerning symptoms.
How do I stop minor bleeding from a cut or wound?
Clean the wound with water, apply direct pressure with a clean cloth or sterile gauze, and elevate the injured area if possible. If bleeding persists, seek medical attention.
Is it normal for a nosebleed to last a long time?
Nosebleeds can be common and are usually not serious. Pinching the nostrils together and leaning forward slightly can help stop the bleeding. If it persists for more than 20 minutes, seek medical attention.
How can I tell if a bone is broken?
Signs of a fracture may include severe pain, swelling, deformity, inability to use the injured limb, and sometimes a grating sound or feeling. An X-ray is typically need for confirmation.
What should I do if I suspect someone has a fracture?
Immobilize the injured area using a splint or by securing it with available materials, and seek immediate medical attention. Do not try to realign the bone.
Can a hairline fracture be serious?
While hairline fractures are consider less severe than full breaks, they still require proper care. Without treatment, they can lead to more serious complications.
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