Suffering from a fire burn can be a traumatic and painful experience. The immediate aftermath requires swift and informed action to minimize damage and promote effective healing. This comprehensive guide aims to provide essential information on the treatment of fire burns, ranging from initial first aid to specialized medical interventions. It is important to note that while this guide offers valuable insights, seeking professional medical attention is imperative for proper assessment and care. By understanding the steps involved in treating fire burns, you can take a proactive role in the recovery process and enhance the chances of a successful outcome. Read on to learn about the critical measures that can make a significant difference in the healing journey after a fire burn.
First Aid For Fire Burns
1) One should not run and run after being wrapped in fire. Lie down in a place safe from fire and roll around. This extinguishes the fire quickly. Burning clothes should be carefully cut off with a blade or knife.
2) Efforts should be made to put out the fire by putting soil, blankets etc. on the burning person. Cover with a blanket in such a way that the air is close. This will put out the fire immediately. Dousing the fire by putting blankets etc. increases the depth of the wound and the skin gets burnt to a great extent. Blisters are form by pouring water, but the wounds are not deep. The fire should be extinguished at the earliest by whatever means are available.
3) Coconut oil should be apply on the burnt area. If blisters have formed due to falling hot ghee-oil etc., then this treatment is sufficient.
4) If a large part of the body is burnt, the patient should be taken to the hospital. If more part of the body is burnt then the chances of survival of the person are less.
5) After cleaning the burnt area lightly with cotton, coconut or olive oil etc. should be apply. It is advisable to wash with a bactericidal solution such as soda-by-carb solution to prevent infection etc. Wounds heal late by applying ointment.
6) Cotton sticks in the open wound. Do not try to get rid of the adhesive on it, as doing so will aggravate the wound.
7) Always keep the wound covered so that there is no infection due to mosquito-fly etc.
8) Do not burst the blisters. Apply sesame or coconut oil or butter on it. Do not forget to apply kerosene, petrol or spirit.
9) If a small child accidentally gets burnt by fire, then keep the burnt part immersed in water till the burning sensation subsides. The burning sensation gets pacified even by applying real honey.
10) Make the patient lie down on a soft comfortable bed and keep drinking enough water. Give nutritious food and keep comforting him mentally that he will get well soon. In order to maintain water balance in the body, it may be necessary to provide glucose. It is also necessary to consult a doctor.
What to do and what not to do when burned by fire ?
When burned by fire, immediately cool the affected area with cool (not cold) water for 10-20 minutes, cover with a clean non-stick dressing, but avoid using ice, adhesive bandages, ointments, or popping blisters.
What are the symptoms of a burn?
Symptoms may include redness, blistering, pain, swelling, and in severe cases, charring of the skin.
How should I care for a minor burn at home?
For minor burns (first-degree and some second-degree burns), you can:
- Cool the burn with cool (not cold) water for about 10-20 minutes.
- Apply a sterile, non-stick dressing or clean cloth.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers if needed.
- Avoid using ice or adhesive bandages directly on the burn.
When should I seek medical attention for a burn?
You should seek immediate medical attention for:
- Third-degree burns.
- Burns covering a large area or vital areas like hands, feet, face, groin, or major joints.
- Burns caused by chemicals or electricity.
- Burns that cause difficulty in breathing.
- Burns on young children or elderly individuals.
- Burns with signs of infection (pus, increasing redness, fever).
What should I avoid doing with a burn?
- Do not pop blisters.
- Do not apply adhesive bandages directly to the burn.
- Do not use ice directly on the burn.
- Do not apply creams, ointments, or butter.
How long does it take for a burn to heal?
The healing time depends on the degree and size of the burn. First-degree burns typically heal within a week. Second-degree burns may take 2-3 weeks. Third-degree burns often require medical intervention and can take much longer to heal.
How can I prevent burns?
- Avoid contact with hot surfaces and objects.
- Use caution when cooking or handling hot liquids.
- Keep children away from stoves, ovens, and other potential burn hazards.
- Use sunscreen to protect against sunburns.
- Follow safety guidelines for electrical appliances and outlets.
How can scars from burns be treat?
Treatment options for burn scars may include topical treatments, silicone sheets, massage, and in some cases, surgical interventions.
Is there a risk of infection with burns?
Yes, burns can be susceptible to infection. It’s important to keep the burn clean and watch for signs of infection like increased redness, swelling, or pus.
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